“A book is a gift you can open again and again.” –Garrison Keillor–


Easterling, D.R., B. Horton, P.D. Jones, T.C. Peterson, T.R. Karl, D.E. Parker, M.J. Salinger, V. Razuvayev, N. Plummer, P. Jamason, and C.K. Folland, 1997. Maximum and minimum temperature trends for the globe. Science 277, 364-367.

Gaffen, D.J. and R.J. Ross. 1998. Increased summertime heat stress in the U.S. Nature 396, 529-530.

Karl, T.R. and R.W. Knight, 1997. The 1995 Chicago heat wave: How likely is a recurrence? Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 78, 1107-1119.

Karl, T.R., N. Nicholls, and J. Gregory, 1997. The coming climate. Scientific American, 78-83.

Kattenberg, A., F. Giorgi, H. Grassl, G. A. Meehl, J. F. B. Mitchell, R. J. Stouffer, T. Tokioka, A. J. Weaver, and T. M.L. Wigley, 1996. Climate models – projections of future climate. In Climate Change 1995: The Science of Climate Change, 285-357, (Eds J. T. Houghton, L. G. M. Filho, B. A. Callander, N. Harris, A. Kattenberg, and K. Maskell) Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

Mann, M. E., R. S. Bradley, and M. K. Hughes, 1998. Global-scale temperature patterns and climate forcing over the past six centuries. Nature 392, 779-787.

McMichael, A.J., 1996. Human population health. In Climate Change 1995 – Impacts, Adaptations, and Mitigation of Climate Change: Scientific-Technical Analyses, 561-584 (Eds RT Watson, MC Zinyowera, RH Moss), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

NASA, 1999. Global temperature trends: 1998 global surface temperature smashes record. NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies. 16 December 1998.

Nicholls, N., G. V. Gruza, J. Jouzel, T. R. Karl, L. A. Ogallo, and D. E. Parker. 1996. Observed climate variability and change. In Climate Change 1995: The Science of Climate Change, (Eds J.T. Houghton, L.G.M. Filho, B.A. Callander, N. Harris, A. Kattenberg, and K. Maskell), 133-192, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

Overpeck, J., K. Hughen, D. Hardy, R. Bradley, R. Case, M. Douglas, B. Finney, K. Gajewski, G. Facoby, A. Jennings, S. Lamoureaux, A. Lasca, G. MacDonald, J. Moore, M. Retelle, S. Smith, A. Wolfe, and G. Zielinski, 1997. Arctic environmental change of the last four centuries. Science 278, 1251-1256.

Pollack, H. N., S. Huang, and P.-Y. Shen. 1998. Climate change record in subsurface temperatures: A global perspective. Science 282, 279-281.

Wigley, T.M.L., 1999. The Science of Climate Change: Global and U.S. Perspectives. Pew Center on Global Climate Change, Arlington, Virginia, 48 p.

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